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Pride Month 2024: The Past, the Present, the Principles

June 1, 2024


The month of June can mean a lot of things—for the summer-seekers, the Geminis, and the LGBTQIA+ community. It is a hallmark for celebration, reflection, and action; as such, it presents a distinct social divide. A lot of people are worried about it; a lot of people aren’t. A lot of people marched for it; a lot of people haven’t. A lot of families have buried children of suicide or homicide or other -cides; a lot of others will never witness the day. As we embark on Pride Month 2024, it is not a passing emblem or a fleeting vision; it is a portrait of struggle, and love, and life. It is all love, in all ways, across all decades. Let’s start at the beginning.

A Prideful History

The origins of Pride Month trace back to the Stonewall Riots of June 1969 in what would prove to be one of the most iconic elements of LGBTQIA+ history. On June 28, 1969, New York City police raided the Stonewall Inn, a popular gay bar located in Greenwich Village; police raids on gay bars were common at the time, with regular harassment and discrimination perpetuated by law enforcement. What became of this particular raid was an unprecedented reaction.

The patrons of the Stonewall Inn, along with local residents, campaigned against the police, leading to days of peaceful protests being met with violent conflicts, leading to figures such as Marsha P. Johnson, Sylvia Rivera, and Stormé DeLarverie emerging as emblems of resistance during the riots. For the magnitude of the aftermath, the Stonewall Riots are widely regarded as the catalyst for the modern LGBTQIA+ rights movement, igniting activism and solidarity across the United States and around the world.

Following the catastrophe of Stonewall, activists sought to build on the momentum. To commemorate the one-year anniversary of the riots, the first Pride marches were organized in several major cities across the United States. On June 28, 1970, thousands of people took to the streets of New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago in what were initially titled the "Christopher Street Liberation Day" marches, named after the street harboring the Stonewall Inn. These marches incidentally marked the beginning of an annual tradition of public demonstrations for LGBTQIA+ rights, serving not only as a remembrance of the Stonewall Riots but also as a platform to demand equal rights and social acceptance.

Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, Pride events continued to grow, both in magnitude and capacity. The movement expanded beyond major urban centers to smaller cities and towns, attracting others located in the less recognized corners of America. During this period, Pride events became more organized, often including parades, rallies, and festivals that celebrated LGBTQIA+ culture and community.

The 1980s also saw the rise of the AIDS epidemic, which had a profound impact on the LGBTQIA+ community. In response to the queer-targeted tragedy, events became venues for activism and awareness about the crisis, emphasizing the need for medical research, healthcare access, and an end to the stigma associated with HIV/AIDS.

As LGBTQIA+ rights gained attention internationally, Pride events began to appear around the world. From London to Sydney, and Berlin to São Paulo, Pride became a global movement. Each city and country brought its own unique cultural elements to their celebrations, but the core messages of visibility, equality, and pride remained consistent. The 1990s and early 2000s saw further expansion of LGBTQIA+ rights, including the decriminalization of homosexuality in numerous countries, the recognition of same-sex partnerships, and the campaign for marriage equality. Pride events reflected these victories, becoming larger and more inclusive, often featuring participation from political figures, celebrities, and corporations. This tradition of growth follows into recent years, as in 2018 alone, Columbus, Indiana; Kfar Saba, Israel; Auburn and Opelika, Alabama; Georgetown, Guyana; Lugano, Switzerland; Winchester, Virginia; and Antarctica all participated in their first Pride Parades.

Today, Pride Month is celebrated with vibrant parades, festivals, and events that span the entire month of June. Major cities like New York, San Francisco, London, and Toronto host some of the largest Pride events in the world, attracting millions of participants and spectators. However, as violence escalates and the American government attempts increasingly harmful legislature, the progress of the LGBTQIA+ community threatens to recede.

A Crucial Importance

Pride Month is far beyond rainbows, banners, and parades, although plenty claim that is all there is to see. Celebrated every June, it is a cornerstone of the LGBTQIA+ community’s calendar and is an annual initiative doubling as a protest against recently concerning government motions. In its most critical, the livelihood of millions hinges on Pride Month’s very existence. Here is why:

1. Visibility and Representation

Pride Month provides a platform for LGBTQIA+ individuals to be seen and heard. Visibility is a powerful tool for combating stereotypes, breaking prejudices, and fostering a culture of acceptance and understanding. For many LGBTQIA+ people, especially those in less accepting environments, seeing their identities represented and celebrated publicly can be profoundly affirming.

Breaking Stereotypes

By showcasing the diverse identities within the LGBTQIA+ community, Pride challenges harmful stereotypes and misconceptions.

Inspiring Others

Public representation during Pride events can inspire closeted or questioning individuals to embrace their true selves and seek supportive communities.

2. Building and Strengthening Community

Pride Month cultivates a sense of community and belonging among LGBTQIA+ individuals. It offers a space for people to connect, share their experiences, and support one another.

Solidarity and Support

Pride events bring together people from various backgrounds, creating a supportive network that can be vital for mental and emotional wellbeing.

Cultural Exchange

Through festivals, parades, and other events, Pride Month allows for the exchange of cultural expressions within the LGBTQIA+ community, enriching everyone’s understanding and appreciation of different identities and experiences.

3. Advocacy and Social Change

Pride Month is a powerful platform for advocating for LGBTQIA+ rights and social justice. It highlights ongoing issues such as discrimination, violence, and inequality, mobilizing communities and allies to push for progress.

Raising Awareness

Pride events draw attention to critical issues affecting the LGBTQIA+ community, such as hate crimes, healthcare access, and legal rights.

Policy Influence

The visibility and momentum generated during Pride can influence policymakers and legislators to enact laws that protect and advance LGBTQIA+ rights.

4. Celebration of Identity and Culture

Pride Month is a time to celebrate the rich diversity of the LGBTQIA+ community. It’s a celebration of the unique identities, cultures, and histories that consist of the vibrant community.

Embracing Diversity

Pride celebrations highlight the spectrum of sexual orientations, gender identities, and expressions, promoting a broader understanding and acceptance of diversity.

Cultural Recognition

Through art, music, performances, and other cultural illustrations, Pride honors the contributions and creativity of LGBTQIA+ individuals.

5. Historical Remembrance

Pride Month serves as a time to remember and honor the history of the LGBTQIA+ rights movement, including the struggles and triumphs that have paved the way for today’s progress.

Commemorating Milestones

Pride events often commemorate significant events like the Stonewall Riots and iconic activists and early pioneers responsible for founding the movement.

6. Encouraging Allyship

Pride Month also plays a crucial role in engaging and educating allies. Allies are essential in the campaign for LGBTQIA+ rights, and Pride provides opportunities for allies to show their support and commitment.

Education and Awareness

Pride events and campaigns often include educational components that help allies understand the challenges faced by LGBTQIA+ individuals and how they can offer support.

Active Participation

By participating in Pride events, allies can visibly show their support, helping to create a more inclusive and supportive society.

7. Mental Health and Well-Being

For many LGBTQIA+ individuals, Pride Month is a vital boost to mental health and wellbeing. The sense of acceptance, community, and celebration can have an incredible psychological impact.


Public celebration and recognition of LGBTQIA+ identities can significantly affirm and validate individuals, particularly those who face modern rejection, discrimination, and bigotry in its various forms.

An Inconclusive List

Support networks are essential for the comfortable cultivation of authentic identity and the continuation of public education and advocacy. In support of yourself, loved ones, or anyone, esteemed organizations work tirelessly to accelerate inclusive practices and generational tolerance, including:

  1. The Trevor Project, a leading organization providing crisis intervention and suicide prevention services to LGBTQIA+ youth.

  2. GLAAD, a trusted figure who works to advance and ensure fair, accurate, and inclusive representation of LGBTQIA+ people in the media.

  3. PFLAG, the first and largest organization for LGBTQIA+ people, their parents, families, and allies.

  4. Human Rights Campaign (HRC), the largest LGBTQIA+ advocacy group and political lobbying organization in the United States, working to end discrimination and achieve equality.

  5. National Center for Transgender Equality (NCTE), who advocates for policy changes to advance transgender equality and provides resources and support for the transgender community.

  6. It Gets Better Project, a social initiative aiming to uplift, empower, and connect LGBTQIA+ youth around the globe through storytelling and community building.

  7. Trans Lifeline, a grassroots hotline and microgrants organization offering direct emotional and financial support to trans people in crisis.

  8. LGBT National Help Center, who provides free and confidential peer support and local resources for LGBTQIA+ youth, adults, and seniors.

  9. National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, an American service providing 24/7, free, and confidential support for people in distress, prevention, and crisis resources.

  10. Lambda Legal, a national organization committed to achieving full recognition of the civil rights of LGBTQIA+ people and everyone living with HIV through impact litigation, education, and public policy work.

  11. Out & Equal Workplace Advocates, a public advocacy program promoting workplace equality and helps LGBTQIA+ people thrive in their careers and lives.

  12. ACLU LGBT Rights Project, who works to create a society in which LGBTQIA+ people enjoy the constitutional rights of equality, privacy, personal autonomy, and freedom of expression and association.

  13. GLSEN, an educational initiative that focuses on ensuring safe and affirming schools for LGBTQIA+ students by conducting research and advocating for policies that protect LGBTQIA+ students.

  14. Williams Institute, a think tank at UCLA Law dedicated to conducting rigorous, independent research on sexual orientation and gender identity law and public policy.

  15. Fenway Health, a healthcare provider extending research and education to enhance the well-being of the LGBTQIA+ community.

  16. The Center for Black Equity, an organization promoting a multinational network of LGBTQIA+ individuals and allies dedicated to achieving equality and social justice for Black LGBTQIA+ communities.

  17. SAGE, a service center providing advocacy for LGBTQIA+ elders, ensuring they receive adequate care and social support.

  18. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Transgender Community Center, a comprehensive LGBTQIA+ community center in New York City, offering health and wellness programs, arts, entertainment, and cultural events.

  19. The National LGBTQ Task Force, an American organization advancing full freedom, justice, and equality for LGBTQIA+ people through building community power and capacity.

  20. BiNet USA, America's oldest national advocacy organization for bisexual individuals, providing resources, support, and assistance.

  21. Asexual Visibility and Education Network (AVEN), who hosts the world's largest online asexual community and supports the visibility and education of asexual issues.

  22. Point Foundation, the largest scholarship-granting organization for LGBTQIA+ students of merit, providing financial assistance, mentoring, and leadership training.

  23. COLAGE, a social network supporting people with LGBTQIA+ parents through community building, education, and advocacy.

  24. Gender Spectrum, who offers resources and support for youth, parents, and professionals to create gender-sensitive and inclusive environments for all children and teens.

  25. ILGA World, a worldwide federation campaigning for LGBTQIA+ rights, advocating for equality and social justice on a global scale.

  26. OutRight Action International, an international organization working at a global level to research, document, defend, and advance human rights for LGBTQIA+ people.

A Hopeful Conclusion

Pride Month is much more than a series of celebrations; it’s a crucial period for visibility, community building, advocacy, and cultural recognition, a moment in time designated for the reflection of progress and the recognition of all that awaits to be done. From its origins in the courageous resistance of the Stonewall Riots to the global celebrations we observe today, Pride Month encapsulates the resilience, courage, and triumphs of the LGBTQIA+ movement, serving as a perpetual reminder of the invaluable significance of visibility, community, and advocacy. Whether through participation in local events, educating ourselves and others, or advocating for policy changes, we are all capable of contributing toward the inevitability of a world so near, and one in which we can be ever prouder.


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